Meat and milk production even under extreme conditions.
The Sindhi breed is originally from the region called Kohistan, in the northern part of the province of Sind, in present-day Pakistan. The Las Bela variety, perhaps the purest lineage of the breed, is found in the state of the same name, in Beluchistan. You can see a variety of types, outside their area of origin, and for that reason, when it comes to the choice of pure breeders, there is a tendency to pick them up in Las Bela.
In Brazil: It is believed that Sindhi was probably the breeder received in Bahia, in 1850, by the Viscount of Paraguaçu; in the absence of females of the same type, who would guarantee the perpetuation of the breed, it is evident that their blood has been diluted in the Criollo cow. Shortly afterwards, probably between 1854 and 1856, according to the letter that Joaquim Carlos Travassos addressed to Jornal dos Agricultores in 1906, they entered Serra-Abaixo, an expression then used to designate the Baixada Fluminense, couples of the Sindi variety. The illustrious zootechnician describes, at the time, as small animals, not exceeding 1.30 meters at their hump, but strong, especially cows, “producers of excellent and abundant milk”.
Teófilo de Godoy in 1903, met and appreciate this breed, so much so that 3 years later he was willing to import it, along with Nelore, Guzera and Hissar, according to the announcements of his trip. Among the imported animals by Francisco Ravísio Lemos and Manoel de Oliveira Prata in 1930, more than one Sindhi breeder and several females were identified.
1952 import: The import, in 1952, of Sindhi cattle directly from Pakistan can be considered a true movie story. The author of the feat was the director of the Instituto Agronômico do Norte (IAN), Felisberto de Camargo, who brought with him, in a chartered English cargo plane, 31 animals of the breed, 28 females and three breeders.
The animals of the Sindhi breed are medium-sized, with a beautiful appearance, suitable for regions with few food resources, where it would be difficult to maintain large animals. It has been selected for its double aptitude, with extreme milking lines and also with excellent performance in technical slaughter.
Its head is small and well proportioned, with a convex profile. Its horns are thick at the base and grow sideways, curving upwards. Its ears are of medium size and drooping, 25 to 30 cm long and 15 cm wide; they adapt easily to different climate and soil conditions. It is compact, with rounded hindquarters.
Its neck is short and strong, more delicate in females; medium sized dewlap, more developed in the male. The hump is medium and small in females and relatively large in males, presenting itself firmly and well placed over the withers.
Sindi Mocho started to be registered by ABCZ in 2002.
Its coat is red, ranging from darker to yellow-orange; white spots are sometimes seen on its dewlap, forehead, and belly, but there are no large spots. Bulls have darker shoulders and thighs. Around its snout, in the udder, in the perineum, and around the cells, its coat has lighter shades. In this breed, white is recessive, appearing occasionally, even in pure herds, but it is not appreciated. Its skin, slightly loose, is covered with fine, soft and shiny hair, the pigmentation of the skin and mucous membranes is dark. Its nails are strong, compact and dark in color. Its tail is thin, long, finished with an abundant broom, dark or black in color.
Its trunk is deep, compact, but long and cylindrical; straight and almost horizontal dorsolumbar line; very muscular back and loin, rounded but sloping rump. Its udder is bulky and pendulous; teats are often thick.
Its limbs are short, thin, with delicate, well-formed, and upright bones; the joints are not very bulky.
Capable to wander in search of water and food, as its small and strong hull makes it easy to move around, its red coat is much more appropriate for the hot and semi-arid climate.
Good meat and milk production even in semi-arid environments or extreme conditions.
Because it is a tame animal, it is easy to handle the herd between areas or paddocks; and because it is small, Sindhi cattle reach the age of slaughter, with an ideal finish, earlier than larger animals. The potential of Sindhi cattle becomes even more expressive when they are crossed with other breeds, generating crossbreeds. The cross between Sindi and Nelore has been the most used option for meat production on farms, which invest in genetic improvement.
Due to conditions of low availability of pastures and other forage, lack of water, and low availability of capital, Sindi cattle are still able to provide financial benefits. Its metabolic ability to survive high temperatures under precarious climatic conditions, its ability to take advantage of poor nutritional resources, together with its medium size and lower food volume demand, and its ability to travel long distances with small, hard hooves allow it to better use such areas.