Responsible for 80% of meat production in Brazil.
The Nelore breed originates from the Ongole region, in the state of Madras, and have the same name: Ongole. Among the various imports, the highlight is that of 1962, when the hunters came: Karvadi, Kurupathi, Godhavari, Golias, Taj Mahal, and Rastan. Due to its high adaptation to the tropical climate, great defense instincts, and excellent survival ability of the young, the Nelore breed quickly conquered the Brazilian territory and today represents about 76% of the animals registered at the ABCZ, taking part in approximately 80% of the production of meat in the country.
The Nelore breed is characterized by white, gray, and gray-spotted coats, allowing red, yellow, or black in its nuances. Generally, males have darker ends, ears are short and horizontal, ending in a spearhead and always facing forward with lively movement.
The coffin-shaped head and the subconvex profile are marking features. In dark colored horns, great variations are allowed, as long as they are short, flat, and oval-sectioned, following the head profile and never facing forward.
In males, the hump is developed in the form of a cashew nut and in females, it is smaller and more delicate. Since 1969, the polled feature is allowed for the Nelore, being an excellent option for breeders who want animals without horns. In this breed, calluses or buds are allowed.
Females stand out for their high fertility and excellent calving capacity. The calf is very active, from the moment of birth, it quickly gets up and tries to suckle. Bulls have a navel and sheath suitable for extensive production, with high libido being a hallmark of this breed.
Nelore animals are highly precocious, both sexually and in carcass finishing, have good feed conversion, and great rusticity, adapting to the most diverse regions. Gains greater than 1,000 grams/day are common. At 36 months, females can reach 570 kg and males over 790 kg.